Teeth Basics: Types of Teeth And Basic Dental Anatomy

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Teeth Basics: Types of Teeth And Basic Dental AnatomyA healthy set of teeth is crucial in providing the body with proper nourishment. A good set    of pearly whites allows you to properly bite and chew your food.

When in good shape, the long and sharp canine cuts and tears up food with ease. The same goes with the flatter molars that grind and mash up masticated food bits.

Apart from this, a complete set of teeth helps properly produce particular sounds that are used in every day conversation. People generally grow two sets of natural teeth within lifetime.

Types Of Teeth

First to grow is the primary teeth. Popularly referred to as baby teeth, milk teeth, and deciduous teeth, the primary set of teeth starts to poke through the gums at 6 months old and completely falls off at age 13. Children usually grow 20 baby teeth before the secondary teeth starts growing into place.

More commonly referred to as adult teeth or permanent teeth, secondary teeth start growing into place between the ages 6 and 14 years. Unlike baby teeth, adult teeth have their roots firmly anchored into the alveolar bone of the jaw. Adult teeth are naturally designed to last a lifetime. The last of the adult teeth to grow into place are called wisdom teeth, which usually erupt though the gums between ages 17 to 21 years.

Basic Dental Anatomy

  • Enamel. The dental enamel makes for the white outer surface of the tooth.  Mostly consisting of calcium phosphate, the dental enamel is the hardest and most durable mineralised tissue in the human body.
  • Dentin. The dentin is a softer dental layer that underlies that dental enamel. It is mainly made up of living cells and countless miniscule tubes that go into the inner pulp chamber.
  • Dental Pulp. The dental pulp sits underneath the dental enamel and dentin. Consisting of soft tissues, blood vessels, and nerves, the dental pulp is the sensory component of the tooth.
  • Cementum. The cementum is a layer of specialised calcified substance that acts as a covering of the tooth root. The cementum is part of the periodontium that keeps the tooth root tooth firmly planted into the gums and jawbone.
  • Periodontal Ligament. The periodontal ligament is a group of fibrous tissues that attaches the tooth into the alveolar bone proper.

Dentist In Annandale

There is perhaps no better way to ensure that your smile lasts a lifetime than by visiting your local Dentist In Annandale at Teeth Plus Clinic.

With a keen understanding of how essential oral health is to your general wellbeing, Teeth Plus Clinic strives for nothing less than perfection in oral healthcare. Teeth Plus Clinic provides the local Annandale community and its surrounding regions with a comprehensive range of general, cosmetic, and restorative dental procedures.

For patients who are with a private health fund, Teeth Plus Clinic provides Pay No Gap for dental checkups, professional dental cleanings, and x-rays. For patients who are not with a private health fund, Teeth Plus Clinic offers FREE dental consultation. Call us at (02) 9519 4226, or simply book an appointment online.



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